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Cardiac Surgery


Cardiac surgery, also known as cardiovascular surgery, is a medical field that deals with the surgical treatment of conditions of the heart and blood vessels. Cardiac surgeons are specially trained medical professionals who perform these surgeries. Some of the most common procedures performed by cardiac surgeons include bypass surgery, valve replacement, and the repair or removal of diseased blood vessels.

The Cardiac Surgery department at SRV Hospitals is dedicated to providing top-notch care to our patients. We pride ourselves on utilising proven therapies to ensure the best possible outcomes for our patients. Our team of highly skilled and experienced surgeons, anaesthetists, doctors, nurses and technicians work together to deliver personalised and tailored treatment solutions for each individual patient. We are committed to maintaining the highest standards of patient care, education, and research in order to continually improve the quality of care we provide.

Round-the-clock Cardiac Care Unit for timely and effective treatment for the whole spectrum of Heart Emergencies


There are several conditions that may require cardiac surgery, including:

Coronary artery disease

This is the most common reason for cardiac surgery, and it occurs when the arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrowed or blocked.

Heart valve disease

This occurs when the heart valves do not work properly and can lead to difficulty in pumping blood through the heart.


This is a disease of the heart muscle that can lead to the heart becoming enlarged or weakened.

Aortic aneurysm

This is a bulging or weakening of the aorta, which is the main blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body.


This is an abnormal heartbeat that can cause the heart to beat too fast, too slow, or irregularly.

Congenital heart defects

These are heart defects that are present at birth and can affect the structure and function of the heart.

It’s important to note that some of these conditions can be treated with medication or lifestyle changes, but others may require surgical intervention to correct the problem. The best way to know what suits you is to get a diagnosis with a specialist at SRV Hospitals.


The symptoms of conditions that may lead to cardiac surgery can vary depending on the specific condition. However, some common symptoms include:

Chest pain or pressure: This is a common symptom of coronary artery disease and can be felt as a squeezing or tightness in the chest.

Shortness of breath: This can occur as a result of heart valve disease or cardiomyopathy, and can be caused by the heart’s inability to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs.

Fatigue: This can be a symptom of a number of heart conditions and can be caused by the heart’s inability to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs.

Swelling in the legs, ankles or feet: This can be a symptom of heart valve disease or cardiomyopathy, and is caused by fluid buildup in the legs.

Rapid or irregular heartbeat: This can be a symptom of arrhythmias and can cause a fluttering or pounding sensation in the chest.

Coughing and wheezing: This can be a symptom of heart valve disease and can be caused by fluid buildup in the lungs.

It’s important to note that some people may not experience any symptoms at all, especially in the early stages of the disease. It’s crucial to see a doctor if you have risk factors for cardiac surgery.

Advance Treatments with SRV Hospitals

Cardiac surgery is a complex and specialised field, and the treatments available are constantly evolving. Some of the most common types of cardiac surgery include coronary artery bypass surgery, valve replacement surgery, and repair or removal of diseased blood vessels. Other types of surgery recommended by SRV Hospitals may include the implantation of devices such as pacemakers and defibrillators. In recent years, minimally invasive techniques have been developed that allow for less invasive procedures, such as transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR).

Invasive cardiac services

Non-invasive cardiac services


Some of the most common surgical procedures include angioplasty, bypass surgery, and valve replacement.

While it depends on the nature and specifics of your procedure, most cardiac surgeries last from 3-6 hours.

During surgery, after you are asleep, the following tubes and drains will be inserted:

A breathing tube will be placed in the patient’s airway, which is connected to a breathing machine to assist the patient’s breathing.
A central venous access catheter will be placed through a large vein to administer fluids and/or medications.
A chest tube will be placed between the lung and the chest wall to drain air or fluid from the chest cavity.
An arterial catheter will be placed in an artery to measure blood pressure.
A nasogastric or orogastric tube will be placed through the nose or mouth into the stomach.
A Foley’s catheter  will be inserted into the bladder to drain urine.

After the breathing tube is removed, you will begin with moistening your mouth with swabs and gradually progress to consuming ice chips, water, and sugar-free liquids for the first 24 hours. Due to the effects of anaesthesia and pain medication received during surgery, your risk of aspiration will be closely monitored by your nurse, who will adjust your diet accordingly as you are able to tolerate it, starting with clear liquids and then progressing to solid food. You can discuss dietary measures in greater detail with a specialist at SRV Hospitals.

It is recommended that you do not operate a vehicle for four to six weeks following your surgery. Additionally, it is advised that you do not drive if you are experiencing pain related to your chest incision or if you are currently taking medications that could affect your ability to make sound decisions. It is best to speak with your surgical team at SRV Hospitals to determine when it will be safe for you to resume driving.

The objective is to gradually increase your physical activity by taking walks three to four times a day following your surgery. On the day of the surgery, the nursing staff or a physical therapist may assist you with basic movements such as bed exercises and sitting at the edge of the bed if it is safe to do so. The following day, you will be assisted in sitting up in a chair and taking a short walk if it is appropriate. Your activity level will continue to increase each day and you will be given a checklist to monitor your progress. You will be taught about proper precautions for your chest during physical activity, such as using a pillow to support your chest when coughing, and how to safely perform everyday movements by physical therapists and nursing staff. They will also assess if you need any equipment such as a walker to ensure your safety. They will inform you when you are able to walk independently. Until then, always ask for help getting out of bed. The cardiac rehab nurse will also discuss a walking program to aid in your recovery and transition back home.

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SRV Hospital is a state-of-the-art multispecialty tertiary care facility in Goregaon that brings to the community a unique healthcare experience where a community of caregivers works closely with renowned doctors in a collaborative approach to improve both the health of our patients and the practice of medicine.

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